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Manga Villa apartments are passively cooled and heated

Manga-Vila Santa Thereza building viewed from a distance
Wide white courtyard with outdoor brick flooring and stairs facing each other

Manga-Vila Santa Thereza is a housing complex in Manaus, Brazil near the Amazon rainforest. The developments’ passive design principles have ensured that the energy consumption is well below the local average. This is achieved by cleverly working with the site orientation and cross ventilation to provide comfortable apartments with reduced need for heating and cooling.

Close up view of the brilliant yellow metal screen building's exterior from a distance
Exterior of Manga-Vila Santa Thereza with close windows

Designed by Laurent Troost Architectures, the bright yellow colour of the metal screening takes its design cues from a mango tree originally located on the site, which influenced the project concept.

The development is compromised of two apartment blocks connected by a courtyard with 12 units in total, catering to a mix of residents from students to families and was selected by the Brazilian Architects Institute as one of the 20 projects to represent Brazil at the international phase of the 3rd Oscar Niemeyer Prize for Latin American Architecture, to be awarded in November this year.

Close up view of the bright yellow metal screen
View of Manga Villa's back from a distance, surrounded by trees and other structures
A side view of the exterior of the bright yellow metal screen building at night

Sustainability specs:
– Longitudinal orientation which provides less exposure to the rising and setting sun
– Void between the apartment blocks acts as an element of thermal insulation
– A yellow metal grid was installed on the east and west facades to provide shade and reduce solar heat gain and sun glare
– Yellow metal grids reduce heat gain and reduce the need to cool the apartments
– Cross ventilation is used to cool the buildings
– Floor to ceiling windows provide ample natural light and lessen the need for lighting
– Solar panels are installed on the roof and provide lighting in the common areas

View of the Manga-Vila Santa Thereza building in the distance with children walking down the street
View of the building's exterior at night, showcasing a brilliant yellow metal screen
Draft of the Manga-Vila Santa Thereza by Laurent Troost Architectures
From the architect:

The typology proposes a kitchen / laundry area integrated with the living / dining area for all apartment models allowing greater interaction between users. Because it is located in one of the higher point of the city, and because it has floor-to-ceiling windows, all apartments have views of the street and the nearby neighborhood, but also of the distant Rio Negro, symbol of the Amazon. In short, the Vila Santa Thereza building tries to present conditions of passive sustainability and identical spatial qualities for all units in order to achieve social equality.

Images courtesy of Laurent Troost Architecture. Photography by Maira Acayaba
Via www.dezeen.com

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